Wat is copyright?
What is copyright?
Copyright is the right of the creator of a piece of work and the publishing of that work. The creator of a piece of work can determine what happens to that work. Meaning that for any form of distribution permission from the creator is required. Compensation may be demanded for any distribution. In this way the author can exploit the work. (have earnings). The copyright exists automatically from the moment the work is created. No formalities are necessary, such as filing the work. But the work does need to meet certain criteria in order to get copyright protection. The work needs to be tangible to human perception. In addition the work needs to its own, original character, and the personal imprint of the creator.
The copyright is not valid indefinitely; it generally expires seventy years after the death of the creator of the work.
Is the creation of a painting, or publication done by an employee, or does an employee create a painting on assignment from an employer, then in that case the copyright belongs to the employer. This deviating rule applies only to employees in employment.
Copyright can be transferred. By means of a license, for example, the copyright owner gives someone else permission to exploit his/her work in a specific manner. An example is the author of a book giving his publishers license to print the book. The designer of a logo can give a company license to use the logo on correspondence paper.
When someone encroaches on the copyright of another, the other person can demand an amount in compensation.
Of course there are laws and regulations in order to review and enforce copyright. The most important law is the Copyright Act. This law dates from 1912, but has been amended many times.
The Copyright Act
The Copyright Act
The Copyright Information Point
The Copyright Information Point (CIP)
In order to inform and advise RUAS students, lecturers, researchers and staff about copyright, the Copyright Information Point (CIP) has been set-up. CIP is one service point offered by various internal departments to do the following: to support research and education with solicited or unsolicited advice on copyright to give information about possibilities within copyright law and legislation and to enforce the correct application of copyright law and legislation at RUAS.
All questions having to do with copyright can be handled by CIP (firstname.lastname@example.org).
CIP is aligned with the network of Copyright Information Points (NAI) of cooperating libraries in higher education (SHB).
Stichting PRO acts in the interest of publishers and authors represented by them in the area of collective exploitation of copyright. In addition the organisation manages the collective publishers administration for the usage of copyrighted material in among other things educational publications, (readers) and clippings. The foundation administers earnings of public lending rights to publishers.
It is a non-profit organisation.
Below you will find more information about Stichting PRO
The Reader Regulation
The Reader Regulation
Education institutes pay Stichting PRO a reimbursement for using copyrighted material that is for educational publications. The section PRO Reader Regulation Netherlands (PRN) of Stichting PRO collects and distributes these reimbursements among the publishers.
The PRO organisation can operate as a point of contact for the educational sector and manage the rights of educational publications. The activities of the sections concerned are based on article 16 of the Copyright Act. Due to exception for education no permission is necessary for the use of short quotations for the benefit of education, but permission is needed for long quotations. More than 700 publishers have given Stichting PRO a mandate for the administration of the long quotations.
Below you will find the Reader Regulation: