The summary starts with a brief description of the various phases that can be differentiated during the course of infectious HIV disease. This is followed by several generic/preventive recommendations pertaining to absenteeism, returning to work, and individual recommendations extending beyond healthcare. The summary provides a framework of guidelines for addressing employment-related problems for people with HIV in various phases/working situations. It should be noted, however, that this is a generalization. Clearly, everybody with HIV is unique, can be affected differently by the disease and can face different problems.