Chronic conditions are the leading cause of disability worldwide. They have a high prevalence with over 30% of adults in Europe and the Netherlands. Chronic conditions can limit the ability of people to perform daily activities and to participate in society, including work. In addition, increasing numbers of young people with chronic conditions or physical disabilities live into adulthood and need to make a successful transition from education to finding and keeping a job.
Work is one of the domains of participation that are most important to people. Finding and keeping a job is reported to be a major problem for people with a chronic condition and physical or mental disabilities. The health-related problems with regard to work participation contribute to substantial lower work participation rates among people with a chronic condition or disabilities, compared to the general population. Frequent reported problems of working people with a chronic condition are difficulties to perform job demands (e.g. work hours, work tasks or work pace), difficulties to perform specific work tasks, mobility at the workplace, transportation to the workplace or accessibility of rooms or buildings, relations with colleagues and balancing work and private life.
The main focus of Harald Miedema's research are these work-related problems caused by chronic conditions and disabilities. He is particularly concerned with research of factors that influence return to work and reintegration and effectiveness of interventions that aim at improvement of work participation. Ongoing research includes the conditions low back pain, complaints of arm, neck and shoulder (CANS), HIV, pregnancy-related work problems and young people with chronic physical disabilities in general. Harald is jointly responsible for the SPIL academic working group, a collaboration with the Erasmus MC directed towards self-management and participation of adolescents with a chronic condition. In this working group, professionals from practice team up with researchers, PhD candidates, teachers and students to develop and evaluate new healthcare concepts and interventions. Recently another academic working group started with focus on young people with autism.
The research group Work and Health is part of the research programme 'Self-management and Participation'. In addition to the theme Work and Health, Harald has recently directed more attention towards research in the field of Physical Therapy, as part of the research programme 'Evidence-Based Care' and in close collaboration with the educational department of Physical Therapy. He started initiatives for research of the use of PROM's (Patient Reported Outcome Measures) and E-health within the field of Physical Therapy, as well as some diagnostic interventions.
Erasmus MC - Departments of General Practice, Public Health,Rehabilitation, Infectious Diseases and Sophia Childrens's Hospital; Dutch HIV Association; Dutch RSI association, Royal Dutch Association for Physical Therapy; Rijndam Rehabilitation Centre Rotterdam; Spine and Joint Centre Rotterdam; Cirion Foundation; Veldon; VUMC - EMGO-institute; AMC - Coronel Institute; Arnhem-Nijmegen University of Applied Sciences - research group Work and Health; Academicals Network Autism; Regional Consortium Pregnancy & Childbirth.
"I aim to improve the work participation of people with disabilities."Applied research professor Work and Health